How Bass React to Changes in the Temperature
As the cold winter days make way for warmer spring temperatures, sluggish and inactive bass begin to stir. Bodily functions, including the urge to hunt for prey, that had considerably slowed during the cold weather will gradually return. The warming of the waters created during the transition between winter and spring is known as prespawn and creates a perfect “storm” for anglers eager to take advantage of this “coming alive” period in bass fishing.
Largemouth Bass Vs Smallmouth Bass
We know that there are significant differences between the largemouth and the smallmouth bass. The smallmouth prefers cool, clear lakes and rivers while the largemouth prefers calm, shallow, bush tangled waters. During the prespawn period, however, both species are involved in nesting activities. The largemouth bass clears out an area at the bottom of shallow water for nesting while the smallmouth bass likes to make a shallow depression in gravel or small rock. These are important habits to keep in mind when angling for bass during this transitional period.
Summer Bass Fishing
As the water gradually warms, bass begin to rise from their slumber as their metabolic rate increase gradually. As their activity levels increase, they move out of the deeper oxygen rich water to find food. There is no one defined period when bass enters the prespawn phase since it depends a lot on temperature, water levels and water conditions. Since smallmouth bass typically like the cooler lake and rivers, their underwater largemouth bass fish prespawn period could take place when temperatures are between 50 and 59 degrees. Largemouth bass on the other hand, will wait for temperatures that range between 55 and 64 degrees. So as you can see there will be a significant period over which both smallmouth and largemouth bass will be in prespawn stage at the same time.
Tips for making the most of prespawn bass fishing
1) Get a map. Before heading out for a day of prespawn fishing, it is important to do your homework. A accurate topographical map of the water you plan to fish in will provide important information about migratory routes, shoreline, structures and possible spawning areas.
2) Know the weather. As mentioned before, the weather does have an impact on prespawn activities and it is wise to keep abreast with the changing weather patterns. Whether it is an earlier than normal spring or a warmer than usual winter, windy, cloudy, or sunny days, all have an effect on your prespawn fishing and you will need to adjust accordingly. For example, the bass may be more active when it is cloudy but hide out when it is sunny.
3) Identify structures. Look for areas with rock piles, trees, or stumps. Inlets or coves with shelves close to the river banks often attract migrating males and females looking for food and the ideal spot to nest and spawn.
4) The best bait. What is the best bait to use during the prespawn period? While experienced bass anglers may have their own tried and true methods there is some common bait that work best during the prespawn when bass are hungry and aggressive. Bottom crawling Jigs and worms seem to appeal to the feeding frenzy of the prespawn bass. If you keep an ample supply of soft plastics, jigs and crankbaits in your tackle box, you will be able to adequately cover the strike zone in prespawn fishing. Also, increase your chances by adding a scent to the bait. It not only gives it a fish scent but also, more importantly masks human odors
5) Use a fish finder. If you have a fish finder make use of it at this time as it will provide you with valuable information in locating those deep water structures, staging areas and nearby spawning areas.
The important thing to keep in mind is that bass are transitioning back and forth from deep to shallower water to satisfy their need for food and in preparation for spawning. They are after nutritious fare like the crawfish. At anytime during a day of fishing they can be found just below the surface or 40 to 50 feet below. The movement, aggression, habits and ferocious feeding patterns of the prespawn bass can provide anglers with lucrative opportunities and exciting times